New World Translation - The Trinity.

The Trinity.
The New World Translation Bible.
by DJ Triplett

I walked the sidewalks, knocking on door upon door at the age of 13.  By 15, I had the nerves of steel when it came to approaching people; perhaps why I don't have a problem speaking my mind today.

We walked with our famous green bibles, The New World Translation, in one hand, a Watchtower or Awake in the other.  LOVED running into a Mormon, man, I could take a Mormon apart with my tools!

What many do not know is that the New World Translation was only published originally in 1950!  The King James Version was first published in 1611!  In 1947, the president of the Watch Tower Society, Nathan H. Knorr, proposed a fresh translation of the Christian Greek Scriptures. Work got under way on December 2, 1947 when the "New World Bible Translation Committee" was formed. On September 3, 1949, Knorr convened a joint meeting of the board of directors of both the Watch Tower Society's New York and Pennsylvania corporations to announce that work on a modern-language English translation of the Christian Greek Scriptures was completed and had been turned over to the Society for printing. It was assigned to the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania for publication.

The translators wished to remain anonymous, their stated intent being "to honor Jehovah God, the Divine Author of his inspired Word". This fact is very frequently cited by critics of the translation in order to suggest that its scholarship is of inferior quality, as the credentials of the translators could never be verified.

Something always nagged at me.  For years, I seemed to fight some of the teachings.  It wasn't until I finally left the church and prayed, REALLY prayed, that things began to fall into place.  It scared me at first, for it was the only religion I knew, and they seemed SO RIGHT!  I digress, so let me get to the point.

The TRINITY.  Does The New World Translation support the trinity?  They will tell you NO, it does not.  The first scripture always used is John 1:1. 

The book "REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES" (Hereafter referred to as RFTS.) published by the WATCHTOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY. (copyright 1985. 1989) states the following about John 1:1 on page 212:

'The definite article.'("The') appears before the first occurrence of  'Theos' (God) but not before the second. The articular (when the article appears) construction of the noun points to an identity, a personality, where as a singular anarthrous (without the article) predicate noun before the verb, (as the sentence is constructed in the Greek) points to a quality about someone. So the text is not saying that the Word (Jesus) was the same as the God with whom he was but, rather, that the Word was god-like, divine, a god.' 

Greek experts agree that the "words" are taken out of order, and there are several grammerical errors within the wording that the Witnesses use. 

'A GRAMMAR OF THE NEW TESTAMENT GREEK' by Moulton, states on pages 173-174 the following about COMMON NOUNS:

'The article will not normally be used when a person or object is first introduced. or when only an undefined part of a group or class is referred to, or when a person or object is thought of only predictively and therefore not individually and definitely....Since Theos (God) and Kurios (Lord) come so near to being proper nouns, it is not surprising that the article is so often omitted.' Moulton page 174.

Thus our first response to RFTS is that the absence of the article on the second instance of "God" ("Theos") which refers to "The Word" is not an indication that Jesus is only "god-like" but rather it is a mere characteristic of the Greek language, similar to the characteristic of English when we say that "i" usually comes before "e" except after "c". 

That the article is absent has nothing to do with the fact that Jesus is God or just 'a god" is further proven by the following rule of Greek Grammar.

Before we state the rule, note that the second 'Theos' in John. 1:1 is a predicate noun. That is, it is the object of the verb "to be."

Now note the following quote from the same grammar we have been quoting by Moulton.

"E.C. Colwell (JBL. 52. 1933. 12-21) formulates rules for the article with predicate nouns in New Testament sentences in which the verb occurs. He finds that [a] definite predicate nouns take the article, if (as usual) they follow the verb; but [b] otherwise they usually lack it; (emphasis mine) and [c] proper nouns (emphasis mine) lack it; [d] in relative clauses it does not apply since nouns always follow the verb anarthrous or not. MOULTON PAGE 183

In applying this to John 1:1 note that the second occurrence of 'Theos' which is a predicate noun does not follow the verb "was' but precedes it. Therefore it conforms to the rule [b] above.

Again, the fact that there is no article before 'Theos' does not detract from the fact that Jesus is fully God. The absence of the article merely conforms to the usual way Greek sentences are written when you have a predicate noun that precedes the verb.  (This and more at Is Jesus God?

More information is found in that same green bible:

Note: verse references marked wtih a "*" indicate a clear reference to Christ's Deity in the NWT.

WHO IS GOD?

Jehovah
*De 6:4 Jehovah our God is one Jehovah
*De 32:39 no gods with Jehovah
No Other "Gods"
*Is 44:6-8 besides me there is no God. there is no Rock besides me.
*Is 43:10 Before me there was no God formed.
*Is 45:5,22 with the exception of me there is no God.
*Is 46:8-11 no other God, nor anyone like me.
No Other "gods"
*De 32:39 no gods with Jehovah
*Ex 20:2-3 must not have any other gods

ALL OTHER GODS OR gods ARE FALSE
Baal
*Judges 6:31 Baal, God
Dagon
*Judges 16:23-24 Dagon, god
Satan
*2 Cor 4:4 Satan, god
Herod
*Acts 12:21-23 Herod, a god

ARE THERE MANY GODS OR MANY gods?

*Ps 96:4-5 One True God by nature
*Gal 4:8 those who by nature are not gods.
*1 Cor 8:4-5 One God in 8:4. 8:5 is referring to idols who by nature are not gods, as seen in Gal 4:8

This helps us understand that being God is much more than a title or a name. It is the very nature of the being so described as God. God is God because of who he is, not because people call him God.

WHO IS LORD?

God
*Ac 17:24 God, Lord of heaven and earth
*Ep 4:5-6 One Lord... one God and Father
*Ac 4:24 God... Sovereign Lord
*Ac 17:24 God... Lord of Heaven and Earth
Jehovah
*De 10:17 Jehovah is Lord of lords
*1Tim 6:15 Jehovah is Lord of lords
Jesus
*1 Co 8:6 one Lord, Jesus Christ
*Jude 4 our only Owner and Lord, Jesus Christ
*Ro 10:9 Jesus is Lord
*Rev 17:14, 19:16 Jesus is King of Kings and Lord of lords.
*Lk 2:11 there was born to you today a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.

This verse (Lk 2:11) shows that Jesus was born Lord, not that he became Lord later.

WHO IS SAVIOR?

God
*Titus 1:3 Our Savior, God
*Titus 3:4 Our Savior, God
* 1 Tim 1:1 God, our Savior
*2 Sam 22:3 God my Savior
*Ps 7:10 God, a Savior
*Ps 17:7 God, o Savior
*Ps 106:21 God their Savior
*Is 43:3 God your Savior
*Is 45:15 God of Israel, a Savior
*Lu 1:47 God my Savior
*1 Tim 2:3 our Savior, God
*1 Tim 4:10 God, who is a Savior
*Titus 2:10 our Savior, God
*Jude 25 the only God our Savior
Jehovah Alone
*Is 43:11 I am Jehovah and besides me there is no savior
*Is 45:21 Jehovah alone is Savior
*Hos 13:4 No savior but Jehovah
*Is 49:26 I, Jehovah, am your Savior and Repurchaser
*Is 60:16 I, Jehovah, am your Savior and Repurchaser
Jesus
*Php 3:20 we are eagerly waiting for a savior, the Lord Jesus Christ
Titus 2:13 we wait for the happy hope and glorious manifestation of the great God and of [the] Savior of us, Jesus Christ.
NWT introduces [the] into the previous verse to obscure that Jesus is called God there.
*Titus 1:4 God [the] Father and Christ Jesus our Savior
*Titus 3:6 Jesus Christ our Savior
2 Pet 1:1 our God and [the] Savior Jesus Christ.
NWT adds [the] to the previous verse to obscure the fact that Jesus is called God there.
*John 4:42 the savior of the world
*Ac 5:31 Chief Agent and Savior
*Ac 13:23 a savior, Jesus
*Ep 5:23 a savior of [this] body
*2 Tim 1:10 our Savior, Christ
*2 Pet 1:11 the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ
*2 Pet 2:20 the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ
*2 Pet 3:2 Who is being spoken of here? Jehovah or Jesus?
*2 Pet 3:18 our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ
*1 John 4:14 the Father has sent forth his Son as Savior of the world

WHO IS OWNER AND LORD?

Jesus
*Jude 4 our only Owner and Lord, Jesus Christ
*Ep 4:5-6 one Lord, one faith. Who is the one Lord? Jehovah or Jesus?

WHO FORGIVES SINS?

God
*Mk 2:7 God alone can forgive sin
*Lk 5:21 God alone can forgive sin
Jesus
*Mk 2:5-7,10 Jesus forgives sin
*Lk 5:24 Jesus forgives sin

WHO PURCHASED CHURCH WITH HIS OWN BLOOD?

God
Ac 20:28 Why is [Son] in brackets? How can this be "understood" without being in the Greek text explicitly?

WHO CREATED ALL THINGS?

God
*Ep 3:9 God, who created all things
Jehovah alone
*Is 44:24 I, Jehovah..., stretching out the heavens by myself. This does not allow for a "junior partner" in creation. Jehovah clearly states that He Himself created the heavens without the aid of anyone else.
*Is 48:13 My own hand laid the foundation of the earth and my own right hand extended out the heavens. This does not allow a "junior partner" in creation. See also Heb 3:1-4
Jesus
*Jo 1:1-3 all things came into existence through him. If Jesus is a created being then he is a "thing". But this verse says all "things" came into existence through Jesus. This excludes Jesus from the realm of "things" and puts him in the class of being uncreated, eternal, not part of the created world.
Col 1:16 by him all [other] things were created. What is [other]? How can that be "understood" if it isn't present in the original language?

WHO IS FIRST AND LAST?

Jehovah
*Is 44:6,8 Jehovah says I am the first and I am the last
*Is 48:12 Jehovah says I am the first and I am the last
Jesus (In the favorite book of the Witnesses, Revelation)
*Rev 1:17-18 I am the First and I am the Last, and the living one; and I became dead...
*Rev 2:8 the First and the Last, who became dead and came to life again
*Rev 22:12-13, 20 Look! I am coming quickly, ... I am the first and the last
*Rev 22:16,20 I, Jesus, sent my angel to bear witness to you... Yes; I am coming quickly.
*Rev 4:8 Holy is Jehovah God, the Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is coming.

So much. 

So much confusion, so much argumentation.  When all that now seems important is that Jesus Christ, OUR SAVIOR, died for us.  Thank you, Jesus.  BLESS YOURSELF!

DJ Triplett
Copyright 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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